DID YOU KNOW?
The American Diabetes Association recently changed its Blood Pressure goals for people with Diabetes. The top number or the systolic pressure is measured while the blood vessels are at work pushing blood through the vessels. The Bottom number or the diastolic is a measure of the heart at rest between beats.
The new goal for diabetics is 140/80. The former goal was 130/80. The Diabetes Association made the change based on a recent study that found that people with Diabetes who keep the stricter goals were no more likely to have have a heart attack or stroke than those who did nit follow the recommended goals.
CAN SMOKING CAUSE DIABETES? According to the Diabetes Self Management Magazine the US Surgeon General reports that diabetes has been added added to the long list of illnesses caused by smoking . It has now been exactly 50 Years since the landmark report by the Surgeon General that declared that smoking causes lung cancer. In the last five decades researchers have learned more and more about the health problems that smoking can cause and that over the years heart disease, bladder cancer and cervical cancer have been added to the list.
In January of this year a new list of smoking related illnesses entitled “Health Consequences of Smoking” states that smokers have a 30-40% increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes than no smokers.
HOW IS DIABETES DIAGNOSED?
My grandfather was diagnosed with Diabetes in the 1950’s by a urine test. For years after that diabetics were diagnosed by the oral glucose tolerance test – drinking a very sweet mixture with blood work done at intervals.
Today there are four tests commonly done to evaluate whether someone has Diabetes or Pre-Diabetes as noted in Diabetes Self-Management Magazine.
1. The HEMOGLOBIN A1C – this test gives an estimate of your average blood glucose level over the past three to four months. This test is non fasting and can be done any time of the day.
A Hemoglobin A1C result of 6.5% or higher will diagnose a person as diabetic.
A diagnosis of Pre-Diabetes occurs if the Hemoglobin A1C is between 5.7 and 6.4%.
2. FASTING PLASMA GLUCOSE – for this test a person needs to not eat or drink anything (except water) for at least 8 hours before the blood sample is taken. The test is usually done the first thing in the morning before a person eats breakfast in a lab setting.
A nondiabetic normal range for this test is a blood glucose level between 65 and 99.
If the fasting glucose is between 100 and 125 – the diagnosis of pre- diabetes may be made.
If the test result is greater than 126 on two separate occasions, diabetes is diagnosed.
3. RANDOM BLOOD GLUCOSE – a random or casual blood glucose test is a check done at any time during the day, without regard to when the person last ate.
A random glucose blood level of 200 or higher indicates diabetes.
4. ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST
The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is generally used for the diagnosis of gestational diabetes. Generally the pregnant woman fasts before the test, has her fasting blood sugar measured when she arrives at the lab, drinks a premeasured glucose solution and then has her blood sugar measured again one hour, two hours and sometimes three hours after drinking the glucose.
A blood glucose of 200 or higher at the two hour mark indicates Diabetes.
A blood glucose between 140 and 199 means a person has Pre-Diabetes.
LATENT AUTOIMMUNE DIABETES IN ADULTS (LADA)
A condition in which Type 1 develops in Adults.
NO BAKE ENERGY BITES Recipe. From Deb Berg RD CDE -
Valley Health Diabetes Management Program
1 Cup Oatmeal. 1 Cup Coconut flakes (unsweetened preferably) 1/2 Cup Peanut Butter
1/2 Cup a Flax Seed or wheat germ. 1/3 Cup Honey. 1/2 Cup Mini- Chocolate Chips
Mix the dough – then refrigerate for about 1/2 hour – then roll into small balls.
Serving Size: 2 bites. 83 calories. 18 grams of Carbohdrate